Did you know that there are about 40 different types of engineering? JD Dukes is a mechanical engineer who completed his degree at The University of Wisconsin-Madison in Madison, Wisconsin. This page is dedicated to all things engineering; from their different types to the highest-paying engineering jobs in the world. He hopes to encourage future college students to consider engineering as their undergraduate course and eventual career path.
The four most common branches of engineering
Back in the day, engineering was only divided into four general categories: mechanical, electrical, civil, and chemical. As time went on, more areas were added, which are management, and geotechnical engineering. But over the years, sub-categories were developed as the need for specialized engineering emerged. Today, there are about 40 engineering fields that you can choose from.
But going back to the original four, let’s take a look at each one of them.
Mechanical engineering. In a nutshell, a mechanical engineer designs mechanical systems. These are applied across a wide range of industries, from manufacturing to aeronautics, heating, cooling, nanotechnology, and nuclear power production. Bachelor’s and associate degrees are available for those who wish to study mechanical engineering.
Mechatronics, which usually deal with mechanical systems and their electronic controls, is a major subject in a mechanical engineering course.
Electrical engineering. With electrical engineering, the study focuses on the various forms of energy: electrical, hydro, wind, and solar. The job of an electrical engineer is to create technology that can be applied to these forms of energy. They also design electrical components for electrical equipment, communications systems, automobiles, power grids, and such.
Civil engineering. If you love building highways and other infrastructure, civil engineering is the field that you want to focus on. A civil engineer is involved in the design and construction of buildings, roads, tracks, and highways, as well as the rebuilding or rehabilitation of a structure that was damaged by a natural disaster.
Under civil engineering, you can also find structural engineering, and architectural engineering.
Chemical engineering. Finally, we have chemical engineering as the last (but not the least) most common engineering study in the past up to the present. To put it briefly, a chemical engineer’s job is to develop projects for the “practical application of chemistry” in today’s tech-glued world. From cosmetics to food, pharmaceuticals to drinks, household aid, and cleaners, it is the chemical engineers’ job to develop products for each of these industries and ensure the safety of their products.
Sub-categories under chemical engineering include: environmental engineering, materials science engineering, agricultural engineering, and paper engineering.
In upcoming posts, more about the various fields of engineering and their respective sub-categories will be discussed by JD Dukes so make sure to come back for those!
If there is anything about this post that you wish to clarify, or you have further questions about engineering, please feel free to contact JD through this site. You can rest assured that every question sent will be answered by JD himself.